When it comes to genealogical research, few places in America have challenged my grey matter like the Old Ninety-Six region of South Carolina. I’m laughing as I write this next bit: old Ninety-Six has literally given me a few grey hairs.
There are a few simple reasons for this:
- Everyone with roots in Old Ninety-Six , regardless of ethnicity, are related to one another.
- Not only are people from this region related to one another, they are related in multiple ways. One cousin and I share no less than seven common pairs of ancestors – who were related to each other, as it so happens. This is due to entrenched endogamy. We’re talking cousin marriages that stretch back to early colonial Virginia. In some cases, generations of cousin marriages began in Great Britain. By the time my British-descended ancestors began producing children with enslaved African-descended women, they passed this inter-related mix to their mulatto children. These children, in turn, also married other mulatto and black cousins. By the time of the Emancipation Proclamation, no one in Old Ninety-Six could move without bumping into a cousin of some sort or another. This brings me right back to point #1 above.
- DNA segment triangulation is a nightmare. Try applying specific surnames to DNA segments with a fourth cousin when the two of you share an above-average amount of DNA across more segments than fourth cousins should typically share. In the case of the cousin I mentioned above, you would think we were second cousins rather than fourth cousins.
- While a slight exaggeration, everyone in a rather huge extended family used the same dozen or so names for their children. Everyone. I have enough Old Ninety-Six Janie Lou’s – white and black – to fill a modestly sized New York City music venue. Even a name like Hazeltine, which should be more or less unique, was commonly used. It makes identifying records for a specific person a challenge.
So when it came to dealing with a family tree that is exploding in size due to the Moses Williams Project…I had to think of another way of finding the records I needed for specific individuals myself and the project team has been researching.
A different approach hit me out of the blue.
My Old Ninety-Six ancestors and family worshiped at specific churches. Churches like Springfield Baptist Church, Liberty Springs Baptist Church, and Shaws Creek Baptist Church were established and built by members of my family. Their descendants still worship at these churches to this day. That was the clue that I needed. It’s one of those clues that has been under my nose the entire time.
I decided to do a general search on the terms ‘Liberty Springs Baptist Church’ and Greenwood, South Carolina’ on Newspapers.com. I struck gold immediately.
There they were…dozens upon dozens of obituaries and news accounts specifically related to Liberty Springs. Surnames that I now know as well as my own – Adams, Gilchrist, Moore, Parks, Keys/Keyes, Dean, etc – leapt out at me.
I took a gamble. I decided to try and do a bit of reverse engineering. I added a new orphan profile page on Ancestry.com for the first few individuals I found on Ancestry.com. By ‘orphan’, I mean the individuals I added weren’t attached to anyone else in my tree. They were stand-alone ancestral profiles. I keyed in the relevant information from the obituary I was working from: full name, date of birth, date of death, county of birth, county of death, their parents’ names, the name of their spouse, children’s names (and their places of residence based on the date of the obituary), siblings’ names (and their places of residence based on the date of the obituary), and any other family members who were mentioned. And…bingo! Ancestry produced the correct records for the person I whose obituary I had. I didn’t have to trawl through two dozen possible death records or Social Security Claims Index records for a dozen or so Willie Mae Joneses in the hopes that I could find the right record for the specific person I was researching. Ancestry gave me the correct one immediately.
The reason is pretty simple: I already had all of the correct, specific, vital life information. This included maiden names, which are gold dust. Having all of this information made it far easier to locate correct census returns. I could easily place this person’s branch of the tree into my overall tree within two to three generations.
Even better…I was picking up the trail of my black family members who left the south as part of the Great Migration into the northern states. It still strikes me as nothing short of miraculous that family deaths in places like Washington DC, Newark, Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Newport News, Detroit, Chicago, and Boston were being reported back home in South Carolina.
Using this approach enabled me to plug some serious gaps in the Old Ninety-Six, South Carolina part of my tree within a matter of three days. OK, three days of rather intensive focus using this approach.
This approach works for a few simple reasons. My Old Ninety-Six family stayed in the same place between 1860 and 1890. The family members who left as part of the Great Migration stayed in contact with the family left behind in South Carolina for at least one generation afterward. Last, but not least, those family ties to their family church remained – and continue to remain – strong.
Now, as always, there is a caveat. Obituaries were not the preserve of everyone prior to 1940. Not in South Carolina at any rate. If your family was poor, regardless of race, the chances are slim there will be an obituary. In terms of this part of South Carolina, prior to 1940, the handful of obituaries I’ve seen for people of colour fall into two categories: 1) either the ancestor was classed as an ‘exceptional negro’; or 2) he or she did something remarkable (like live to be 115 years old and have over 40 children). If your family was poor and white, well, your ancestor had to do something extraordinary and/or heroic to warrant an obituary. After 190 is different – blacks, and whites of modest means, begin to have obituaries in the local papers in this part of South Carolina.
Basically, there are three things you need to have in order to make this research approach work:
- A family tree that has more than your immediate family line (in other words, it also has the siblings of your ancestors, and their extended family and descendants;
- Familiarity with all the families your ancestors married into (allied families); and
- The name of the church where your ancestors and their family worshiped.
I’ve only used this approach for families who lived in a very rural area. I haven’t applied it to those who lived in cities.
I hope it’s an approach that works for you. Let me know!